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Insecticide poisoning occurs when someone swallows or breathes in this substance or it is absorbed through the skin. Pesticides are the agents most frequently used by farmers and students in India to commit suicide. Updated by: Jacob L. Heller, MD, MHA, Emergency Medicine, Emeritus, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, WA. [23] Studies of poison recovery at 60 minutes have shown recovery of 8%–32%. [23][38], poisoning of humans from pesticide exposure. The ten main symptoms are: As a quick reference guide to organophosphate poisoning, these two mnemonics can be useful in identifying acute poisoning: If there is suspicion of acute pesticide poisoning even without any symptoms then you should seek immediate medical attention. Pesticide poisoning trend analysis of 13 years: a retrospective study based on telephone calls at the National Poisons Information Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi. If too much of an insecticide gets on your clothes or skin, take off your clothes and wash your skin right away, You might cough and have breathing problems, Your doctor may take a sample of your blood to see if you have insecticide in it, Several medicines are available to treat insecticide poisoning. is also a founding member of Hi-Ethics. We do not control or have responsibility for the content of any third-party site. This necessarily reflects only a fraction of the real problem.

The diagnosis of insecticide poisoning is based on the symptoms and on a description of the events surrounding the poisoning. This may occur following a skin or eye exposure, inhalation of insecticide powder, fumes, or vapors, or by swallowing the chemical, Some insecticides are easily absorbed by the body, especially following skin contact or ingestion of the substance, This intake could be accidental, or in some cases intentional, to bring self-harm, The common insecticides in use include paradichlorobenzenes, pyrethrins, carbamates, neonicotinoids, ryanoids, organophosphates, organochlorides, insect growth regulators, and other biological insecticides, Breathing difficulties; chest pain or tightness, Vision abnormalities including small-sized or enlarged pupils, Increased or reduced blood pressure (hypertension or hypotension respectively), Skin irritation, redness, and inflammation, Bluish discoloration of the lips and beneath the fingernails, Call 911 or your local emergency help number immediately, for emergency assistance, Call the Poison Control Center at 1-800-222-1222 (or your local poison control center) for further instructions, Provide them with information such as the compound taken, quantity and time of ingestion, age, weight and general health status of affected individual, Carefully remove the individual from the exposure area, Clean the mouth to remove any remaining substance; wipe mouth with a wet cloth, Confirm that the airways are protected; also, ensure breathing and the presence of pulse, Unless instructed by a healthcare professional, DO NOT induce vomiting in the affected individual, If skin exposure or involvement of the eye has occurred, then wash thoroughly with copious amounts of water (for at least 15 minutes), Take individual to emergency room (ER) for further treatment, Dispose contaminated clothing, while wearing protective gloves/gear, based on suitable instruction of the poison control center, Always try to take the product bottle/container to the ER, Decontaminate the individual before starting treatment (usually done by the first responders), Gastric lavage for elimination of the substance from the stomach (irrigation using special solutions), Administer activated charcoal to avoid absorbance of the substance in the body, Administer suitable medication/antidote to counter effects of the toxin; usually, atropine is administered intravenously, Medically manage symptoms, such as abnormal heart rate and seizures, Wash skin and eyes repeatedly and thoroughly (irrigation), to eliminate any remaining hazardous compound, Surgical treatment for skin burns including removal of burnt skin, Administer fluids by an intravenous drip line, The individual who is affected, or someone near, should call 911 for emergency assistance (or the local emergency number), They should also call the poison control center at 1-800-222-1222 (or the local poison control center) and follow instructions, The prognosis of Insecticide Poisoning is dependent on the type and amount of substance consumed, time between consumption and treatment, severity of the symptoms, as well as general health status of the patient, If the individual can recover from the symptoms within 4-6 hours following the poisoning event, with appropriate medication and early support, the outcome is generally good, In many cases, a complete recovery may take some time (weeks and months) and necessitate prolonged treatment, In case of severe symptoms including abnormal heart rates, seizures, and coma, it may considerably worsen the outcome. Life-threatening paralysis and death can occur very quickly. Estimating the numbers of chronic poisonings worldwide is more difficult. , DO, Grand Strand Regional Medical Center; Many insecticides can cause poisoning after being swallowed, inhaled, or absorbed through the skin. Farmers’ perceptions of safe use of pesticides: determinants and training needs. Accidental poisonings can be avoided by proper labeling and storage of containers. Assessment of prevalence and mortality incidences due to poisoning in a South Indian tertiary care teaching hospital. The diagnosis is based on symptoms, blood tests, and a description of events surrounding the poisoning. [11][12][13] Exposure can occur through inhalation of pesticide fumes, and often occurs in settings including greenhouse spraying operations and other closed environments like tractor cabs or while operating rotary fan mist sprayers in facilities or locations with poor ventilation systems. Pyrethrins can occasionally cause allergic reactions.

If the person breathed in the poison, move them to fresh air right away. DO NOT use it to treat or manage an actual poison exposure. A.D.A.M. Organophosphates include malathion, parathion, fenthion, dursban, diazinon, chlorpyrifos, and sarin. [citation needed], Cholinesterase-inhibiting pesticides, also known as organophosphates, carbamates, and anticholinesterases, are most commonly reported in occupationally related pesticide poisonings globally.

Atropine, given by vein, can relieve most of the symptoms of organophosphate poisoning. A.D.A.M., Inc. is accredited by URAC, for Health Content Provider (www.urac.org).

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