For a comprehensive outline of the origins, key events, and conclusion of the Cold War, click here. 1.1.1 Because Roosevelt was unwell - sided with Stalin rather than Churchill. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Pre-order today on PS4, PS5, Xbox, Xbox Series X … The Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) were two rounds of bilateral conferences and corresponding international treaties involving the United States and the Soviet Union, the Cold War superpowers, on the issue of arms control. A basic problem in these negotiations was the asymmetry between the strategic forces of the two countries, the U.S.S.R. having concentrated on missiles with large warheads while the United States had developed smaller missiles of greater accuracy. Part of a series on the No longer bound by a common enemy, the uneasy … The agreement expired on December 31, 1985 and was not renewed. Lyndon B. Johnson in 1967, strategic arms limitation talks were agreed on by the two superpowers in the summer of 1968, and full-scale negotiations began in November 1969. The idea of this system was that it would prevent a competition in ABM deployment between the US and the Soviet Union. 1.2.1 US/UK agree to open a second front. The uneasiness with which some experts viewed the treaty is reflected in the comment of a senior American diplomat that Carter ignored a fundamental rule in U.S.-Soviet relations: the American public wanted both negotiation and U.S. strength, not one or the other. Promising on paper, SALT 2’s implementation depended upon Moscow’s keeping its promises. A major breakthrough for this agreement occurred at the Vladivostok Summit meeting in November 1974, when President Gerald Ford and General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev came to an agreement on the basic framework for the SALT II agreement. It is available to order now at Amazon and Barnes & Noble. Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT), negotiations between the United States and the Soviet Union that were aimed at curtailing the manufacture of strategic missiles capable of carrying nuclear weapons. The SALT II Treaty banned new missile programs (a new missile defined as one with any key parameter 5% better than in currently deployed missiles), so both sides were forced to limit their new strategic missile types development and construction, such as the development of additional fixed ICBM launchers. 'Absolutes' and 'Stages' in the Making and Application of Nixon’s SALT Policy. 1.1 Meeting mainly a success for Stalin. The Soviet legislature correspondingly did not ratify it. Wichtigstes Ergebnis der Verhandlungen ist der im Mai 1972 unterzeichnete ABM-Vertrag. 1.2 AGREEMENTS. This agreement paved the way for further discussion regarding international cooperation and a limitation of nuclear armaments, as seen through both the SALT II Treaty and the Washington Summit of 1973. The treaty limited each side to only one ABM deployment area (i.e., missile-launching site) and 100 interceptor missiles.  However, the United States preserved their most essential programs like the Trident missile, along with the cruise missiles President Jimmy Carter wished to use as his main defensive weapon as they were too slow to have first strike capability. History of the Cold War. Cold War Detente — US/Soviet Enmity Cools, Policy of Containment: America’s Cold War Strategy, California – Do not sell my personal information. © HistoryOnTheNet 2000-2019. Scott Michael Rank, Ph.D., is the editor of History on the Net and host of the History Unplugged podcast. But renewed tensions between the superpowers prompted Carter to remove the treaty from Senate consideration in January 1980, after the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. Updates? The Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT) were two rounds of bilateral conferences and corresponding international treaties between the United States and the Soviet Union. Negotiations lasted from November 17, 1969, until May 1972 in a series of meetings beginning in Helsinki, with the US delegation headed by Gerard C. Smith, director of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency.  In addition to that, SALT I limited the number of SLBM capable submarines that NATO and the United States could operate to 50 with a maximum of 800 SLBM launchers between them. It was a continuation of the SALT I talks and was led by representatives from both countries.
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